What is CPR?

What is CPR?

CPR, Cardio (Heart) Pulmonary (Lungs) Resuscitation (Revival) is an emergency life saving procedure which is performed on people whose heart has stopped.  By pushing on the casualties chest and blowing into their mouth the rescuer is trying to keep the heart pumping and oxygen flowing around the body until an ambulance arrives.

Prompt bystander CPR dramatically increases the casualty's chances of survival, without oxygen the brain can only survive about 5 minutes before permanent damage sets in. It also helps to keep the heart in a state where it is better placed to respond to defibrillation.

In the UK the most common cause of an adult who has collapsed and stopped breathing is that they have had a heart attack which has then caused their heart to stop (cardiac arrest). However CPR is also performed on people who have drowned, who have experienced a drug overdose as well as on choking casualties when back slaps and abdominal thrusts have not work and the casualty has collapsed. CPR can also be performed on children and infants although the protocol is altered slightly.

Recently (2010) the European and UK Resuscitaion Council updated the CPR guidelines slightly to increase the depth and rate of compressions as it is effective chest compressions which make the most difference. The guidelines still include using resuce breaths, only if this is not possible or if you don't want to give breaths then compression or hands-only CPR can be performed and will still make a difference.

I need a CPR Certificate

If you have been told that you need a CPR certificate then coming on the 3 hour Basic Life Support course will give you what you need. We run open courses in London for individuals to attend and we can also come to your workplace and run a course for your group.  We are able to run courses in the evenings or at weekends if that suits you best.